Peppermint Essential Oil – Mentha x Piperita
About / Plant / Origin
Peppermint Essential Oil comes from the steam distillation of the peppermint herb. Its botanical name is Mentha x Piperita since this is a hybrid mint from spearmint and watermint.
Peppermint essential oil is another all-in-one kind of oil that can be used in a variety of ways to treat multiple conditions. The plant is very easy to grow and mainly thrives in Asia, Europe, and North America.
Peppermint is a perennial plant that belongs to the Lamiaceae family, and it grows up to a meter height. It has small flowers that are light purple. The harvesting of the plant happens early in the morning when the oil content is high.
Peppermint essential oil has two major active components: Menthol and Menthone.
The other constituents found in peppermint oil are; 1,8-Cineole, Menthyl acetate, Isovalerate, Pinene, Limonene, Pulegone, and Caryophyllene.
Peppermint also contains terpenoids and flavonoids such as eriocitrin, hesperidin, and kaempferol 7-O-rutinoside.
Menthol provides the cooling sensation of the mint whereas, menthyl acetate is responsible for the minty aroma and flavor.
Peppermint has been used as a folk medicine for digestive issues since ancient Egyptian times. We know that because, in the pyramids dating back to B.C 1000, there were dried peppermint leaves have been found.
There is also the use of mint in Chinese and Japanese folk medicine as well as Greek. In Greek mythology, the nymph Mentha (or Minthe) is mentioned as a sweet-smelling herb, every time you step on it, there comes the sweet aroma.
Peppermint was first listed in the London Pharmacopoeia in 1721 and has been an excellent remedy for stomach issues all around Europe.
The digestive aid is the oldest known benefit of the peppermint essential oil. As an antispasmodic, it can help with conditions like heartburn, irritable bowel syndrome, and indigestion. Although there is no clear evidence, it might as well help with nausea, vomiting, morning sickness, gas, and menstrual problems.
Peppermint essential oil is also known for its pain-relieving properties. It can be used to alleviate headaches, muscle aches, and joint pains.
Since peppermint oil is an expectorant and decongestant, it’s a perfect remedy for respiratory conditions such as sinusitis, asthma, bronchitis, and coughs. (Top Essential Oils for Cough)
Another interesting benefit of the peppermint essential oil is that it can increase athletic performance, just by taking a whiff from the bottle before exercising.
Uses & Blending
Always use career oils when using essential oils as a safety measure. For healthy adults, %2 dilution is optimum; for sensitive people targeting %1 would be a safe choice. Also, never ingest essential oils without the advice of a healthcare professional.
Nevertheless, you can use peppermint oil without dilution, and it’s perfectly safe. This oil can also be ingested in small amounts. One of the best ways to use mint oil is to diffuse it around. This will have an awakening, energizing effect on you. Also, you might feel like breathing becomes more comfortable.
It’s also a great choice when used for culinary purposes. You can add a drop of mint essential oil to your recipes like smoothies, yogurts, and teas. Essential peppermint oil can also be used in massage oil.
Peppermint essential oil is a base note. This oil blends well with;
Oregano, Marjoram, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Geranium, Grapefruit, Juniper Berry, Lavender, Lemon, Rosemary, and Tea Tree oil for diffusion.
Yield / Pricing
When it comes to buying peppermint essential oil, aim for the best quality that your money can buy. There is no therapeutic grade when it comes to essential oils because they are not regulated. So don’t fall into that kind of marketing traps.
Find a trusted brand, if you can, visit their distillery if there is one close by. As long as your essential oil comes from a pesticide, germicide free herb, and it’s not adultered, you are good to go.
The essential oil yield of peppermint essential oil ranges from 1 – 2.5%. That means from 100 kgs of peppermint, you can expect to get 1 – 2.5 liters of essential oil. According to my research, certified organic peppermint essential oil (Mentha x Piperita) costs around $15 for a 10ml essential oil.